The role of L+ Turkish and English learning in resilience: A case of Syrian students at Gaziantep University

Emrah Cinkara


Resilience is used to refer to the ability to bounce back from some form of disaster, disruption, stress, or change. The situation in Syria caused thousands of deaths and millions of refugees, which is the main source of disaster and Syrian students need to recover from this. According to UNHCR, Turkey welcomed around 2.523.554 refugees, 314.917 of whom are located in Gaziantep, which constitutes about 20 % of total population of the city. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of L+ (Turkish and/or English) learning in resilience of Syrian students studying at Gaziantep University intensive Turkish and English language programs. Both quantitative and qualitative data was collected through the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale and interviews. The results suggested that our participants had medium level of resilience and L+ Turkish and English have different roles in building resilience among Syrian refugee students.


Language education, language for resilience, refugee integration

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