A text world theory approach to the teaching of short stories in an EFL context: A pedagogical stylistic study

Behbood Mohammadzadeh


The present study attempts to examine how the stylistic aspects of Text World Theory can be used in Literature and Language Teaching classrooms in order to help students to improve their critical understanding and interpretation. The pedagogical stylistic application of this theory will enhance ELT students’ language awareness, creative reading skills as well as reader-response skills and deepen the interaction between readers and texts. The study will focus initially on the efficacy of the use of short stories for Literature and Language Teaching courses and, then, adapt a sample short story entitled The Bracelet by Yoshiko Uchida according to the three layers of the Text World Theory which are “discourse world”, “text world”, and “sub-world” to offer students pedagogical stylistic applications through a) what are the building blocks of the story which can be identified by the Text World Theory? and b) How do these building blocks enable students to make connections with the text and interpret it. This later will help them establish a link between the worlds of the main characters and their own. The results of focus group revealed that these connections enhance language awareness, creative reading skills and reader-response skills in students.  



Pedagogical Stylistics; Text World Theory; Language Awareness; Critical Understanding; Reader-response Skills

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